In our country the transport sector is a large working environment in which the road transport, air transport, marine transport and rail transport are functional. However, the dominant mode of transport is road transport, having a share of 90% in transporting passenger and cargo transports across the country.
In view of this and to respond the high demand of transport in the country, a large construction of roads is being conducted through out the country both by the Ethiopian Roads Authority and other government entities. In line with this, private participation is also being encouraged to be evolved in the road expansion. And by both efforts a distinct performance is achieved to create facilitation of roads and road transport, liaisoning local towns, peoples, industries, and liaisoning with neighboring countries for import export facilitation in the country.
Ameliorating the standard of roads is vital for the country. It reduces the hazards being escalated in our vehicles. In the country though the number of vehicles are not numerous as compare to the developed countries the last few years saw a devastation of human and materials, making our country the top one in such hazards in the world. This needs a profound study to know the cause and address the problem which is persisting so that the devastation can be lesser oravoided. In the current year there are 166,309 vehicles serving in freight and passenger transport in the country.
The other mode of transport is the Ethiopian Air Lines – serving people local and abroad, with a motto Africa's link to the world. This airline remains as one of the best air line in Africa and continues to be a reputable enterprise in the world. It serves in more than 25 airports locally and above 48 international links such as in Africa, Europe, Middle East and America. With the aim to meet the increasing demand of the people it is expanding its links with the world through its available aircrafts and additional leased jets like the air bus, which is recently in use. It has a capacity of 364 people to carry. Being proactive to the coming fierce competition the air line is changing itself with the world progress to remain lucrative and viable enterprise.
Likewise, the Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority is a regulatory organ which oversees the air traffic and makes international agreements pertaining to the air transport. Similarly, the Ethiopian Air port Enterprise is a newly formed operator entity working in the area of expansion of air ports and terminals.
Another existing mode of transport is the Ethio-Djibouti railway transport. It is an old means of transport. But, eventually, it became ineffective rail way. Hence, it is going to be given to South Africa Company as concession to make it viable enterprise. Because its present situation does not enable it to continue being lucrative and competitive with the other mode of transports in the country. This is due to the reason that its equipments and the rail way are obsolete.
In the country there is also another transport - the shipping transport. This is a marine transport serving across the world. It continues to work in import export and coastal carrier services through its 8 ships being competent in the stiff competition of the globe. In addition to this, the marine and transit service enterprise, as a government entity, performs cargo handling, harbor facilities and services. In line with this, private transit companies also offer similar services in the sub sector.
In order to oversee all the above mentioned transport means - except Shipping and Maritime enterprises - the Transport Authority is recently established as regulatory body with the aim to promote an efficient, adequate, economic and equitable transport system, to ensure that public transport services are safe and comfortable, to develop domestic and international network, and so forth